FANDOM


The $1 bill is a Federal Reserve Note valued at 100 cents (equivalent to 20 nickels, 10 dimes, or 4 quarters). On July 10, 1929, it started off as a small-size Silver Certificate, and it remained only that way until 1963, when it officially became a Federal Reserve Note, following the discontinuation of Silver Certificates. As of the mid-1960s, probably as of early Series 1963A, virtually every $1 bill in circulation was now a Federal Reserve Note.

Originally, the serial numbers were printed through conventional equipment, but since 1971, the BEP introduced a new system called the Currency Overprinting and Processing Equipment (COPE), and since then, new serial numbers were printed using that equipment. The COPE printing went into permanent effect in the spring of 1977, and as of 1979, virtually all $1 bills in circulation have serial numbers printed through COPE.

On the front is a portrait of George Washington (the first president of the United States of America), and on the back is the Great Seal of the United States.

History

Pre-Series 1977

Type of currency Series year First delivery date Last delivery date
Silver Certificate 1928 January 10, 1929 N/A
1928A June 18, 1929 N/A
1928B March 31, 1932 February 28, 1933
1928C March 28, 1933 N/A
United States Note 1928 April 26, 1933 May 5, 1933
Silver Certificate 1928D September 1, 1933 N/A
1928E February 19, 1934 May 31, 1935
1934 June 29, 1934 June 18, 1936
1935 November 25, 1935 N/A
1935A September 9, 1938 June 20, 1944
1935B July 26, 1945 N/A
1935C June 25, 1946 N/A
1935D July 11, 1949 February 4, 1953
1935E January 30, 1953 December 31, 1957
1957 September 9, 1957 March 3, 1961
1935F December 31, 1957 July 5, 1961
1957A January 27, 1961 February 7, 1963
1935G June 9, 1961 March 12, 1962
1935G (with "In God we Trust") April 2, 1962 November 30, 1962
1957B January 17, 1963 November 6, 1963
1935H June 10, 1963 October 4, 1963
Federal Reserve Note 1963 November 6, 1963 July 15, 1965
1963A April 1965 August 1969
1963B January 16, 1969 November 12, 1969
1969 July 30, 1969 April 1971
1969A December 1970 July 1971
1969B May 1971 September 1972
1969C May 12, 1972 March 1973
1969D August 1972 October 1974
1974 August 1974 February 1978

$1 bills are usually delivered to Federal Reserve Banks about 1-3 months after being printed at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing.

Series 1977 and 1977A

$1-B (1981) $1-C (1981)
Federal Reserve Bank Production span
Boston November 1977 – October 1979 (Series 1977)
October 1979 – July 1981 (Series 1977A)
New York October 1977 – October 1979 (Series 1977)
November 1979 – July 1981 (Series 1977A)
Philadelphia November 1977 – September 1979 (Series 1977)
November 1979 – June 1981 (Series 1977A)
Cleveland October 1977 – October 1979 (Series 1977)
December 1979 – May 1981 (Series 1977A)
Richmond November 1977 – December 1979 (Series 1977)
December 1979 – August 1981 (Series 1977A)
Atlanta September 1977 – February 1980 (Series 1977)
April 1980 – July 1981 (Series 1977A)
Chicago October 1977 – March 1980 (Series 1977)
March 1980 – August 1981 (Series 1977A)
St. Louis December 1977 – September 1979 (Series 1977)
December 1979 – March 1981 (Series 1977A)
Minneapolis November 1977 – December 1979 (Series 1977)
October 1980 – February 1981 (Series 1977A)
Kansas City November 1977 – November 1979 (Series 1977)
December 1979 – July 1981 (Series 1977A)
Dallas October 1977 – November 1979 (Series 1977)
January 1980 – September 1981 (Series 1977A)
San Francisco November 1977 – October 1979 (Series 1977)
December 1979 – August 1981 (Series 1977A)
Trivia

Signatures: Azie Taylor Morton and W. Michael Blumenthal (Series 1977)
Azie Taylor Morton and G. William Miller (Series 1977A)
The very first $1 bills with serial numbers ending with letters that come after "I" began printing in September 1980 for the district of New York.

Series 1981

$1-C (1981) $1-F (1982) $1-F (1984) $1-G (1983) 

Federal Reserve Bank Production span
Boston July 1981 – May 1983 (40,000 sheets)
May 1983 – March 1984 (100,000 sheets)
New York September 1981 – April 1983 (40,000 sheets)
April 1983 – February 1984 (100,000 sheets)
Philadelphia September 1981 – June 1983 (40,000 sheets)
July 1983 – February 1984 (100,000 sheets)
Cleveland August 1981 – May 1983 (40,000 sheets)
May 1983 – January 1984 (100,000 sheets)
Richmond October 1981 – February 1983 (40,000 sheets)
February 1983 – January 1984 (100,000 sheets)
Atlanta September 1981 – March 1983 (40,000 sheets)
March 1983 – February 1984 (100,000 sheets)
Chicago September 1981 – April 1983 (40,000 sheets)
April 1983 – January 1984 (100,000 sheets)
St. Louis October 1981 – March 1983 (40,000 sheets)
March 1983 – October 1983 (100,000 sheets)
Minneapolis October 1981 – October 1982 (40,000 sheets)
October 1983 (100,000 sheets)
Kansas City October 1981 – March 1983 (40,000 sheets)
March 1983 – February 1984 (100,000 sheets)
Dallas August 1981 – August 1983 (40,000 sheets)
August 1983 – February 1984 (100,000 sheets)
San Francisco October 1981 – March 1983 (40,000 sheets)
March 1983 – March 1984 (100,000 sheets)
Trivia

Signatures: Angela M. Buchanan and Donald T. Regan
Approximately 2.5 billion of these notes were released to circulation through December 1982.
Series 1981 bills were the first to have the standard print run of 100,000 sheets since February 1983.

Series 1981A

$1-H (1985)

Federal Reserve Bank Production span
Boston March 1984 – June 1985
New York April 1984 – July 1985
Philadelphia June 1984 – June 1985
Cleveland April 1984 – April 1985
Richmond March 1984 – May 1985
Atlanta March 1984 – June 1985
Chicago April 1984 – May 1985
St. Louis March 1984 – June 1985
Minneapolis April 1984 – June 1985
Kansas City May 1984 – April 1985
Dallas April 1984 – May 1985
San Francisco March 1984 – June 1985
Trivia

Signatures:  Katherine Davalos Ortega and Donald T. Regan

Series 1985

$1-A (1985) $1-D (1986) $1-E (1985) $1-G (1986)

Federal Reserve Bank Production span
Boston August 1985 – January 1989
New York July 1985 – October 1988
Philadelphia February 1986 – November 1988
Cleveland July 1985 – February 1989
Richmond June 1985 – October 1988
Atlanta July 1985 – December 1988
Chicago July 1985 – March 1989
St. Louis August 1985 – November 1987
Minneapolis January 1986 – December 1988
Kansas City July 1985 – October 1988
Dallas July 1985 – November 1988
San Francisco July 1985 – November 1988
Trivia

Signatures:  Katherine Davalos Ortega and James A. Baker III
The very first $1 bills with serial numbers ending with letters that come after L (starting with M) began printing in December 1987.

Series 1988

$1-A (1989)

Federal Reserve Bank Production span
Boston January 1989 – December 1989
New York December 1988 – April 1990
Philadelphia January 1990 – February 1990
Cleveland February 1989 – April 1990
Richmond January 1989 – March 1990
Atlanta December 1988 – April 1990
Chicago January 1989 – May 1990
St. Louis March 1989 – August 1990
Minneapolis December 1988 – October 1989
Kansas City July 1989 – December 1989
Dallas February 1989 – July 1990
San Francisco January 1989 – April 1990
Trivia

Signatures:  Katherine Davalos Ortega and Nicholas F. Brady
Series 1988 bills were the first to have the standard print run of 200,000 sheets since October 1989.

Series 1988A

$1-A (1992) $1-E (1992) $1-H (1994) $1-J (1992)

Federal Reserve Bank Production span
Boston October 1990 – April 1994
New York April 1990 – June 1994
Philadelphia May 1991 – October 1993
Cleveland April 1990 – May 1994
Richmond October 1990 – May 1994
Atlanta May 1990 – February 1994
Chicago June 1990 – March 1994
St. Louis August 1990 – September 1994
Minneapolis April 1991 – May 1994
Kansas City June 1991 – June 1994
Dallas May 1990 – April 1994
San Francisco April 1990 – March 1995
Trivia

Signatures:  Catalina Vasquez Villalpando and Nicholas F. Brady
Series 1988A bills were the first ones printed at Fort Worth's Bureau of Engraving and Printing in Texas.
The very first $1 bills with serial numbers ending with letters that come after T (starting with U) began printing in December 1992.

Series 1993

$1-A (1994) $1-E (1994) $1-I (1994) $1-K (1994)

Federal Reserve Bank Production span
Boston April 1994 – August 1994
New York May 1994 – May 1995
Philadelphia June 1995 – July 1995
Cleveland May 1994 – September 1994
Richmond October 1994 – May 1995
Atlanta July 1994 – April 1995
Chicago August 1994 – January 1997
St. Louis April 1995 – July 1995
Minneapolis October 1994
Kansas City N/A
Dallas April 1994 – August 1995
San Francisco June 1994 – July 1995
Trivia

Signatures:  Mary Ellen Withrow and Lloyd Bentsen
Because Kansas City received no Series 1993 $1 bills, the latest in circulation were Series 1988A until the Fall of 1995.

Series 1995

$1-A (1998) $1-B (1996) $1-C (1998) $1-E (1999) $1-F (1996) $1-G (1998)

Federal Reserve Bank Production span
Boston July 1995 – December 1998
New York May 1995 – September 1997
Philadelphia July 1995 – December 1998
Cleveland July 1995 – October 1999
Richmond September 1995 – January 2000
Atlanta May 1995 – February 2000
Chicago September 1995 – July 2000
St. Louis September 1995 – November 1999
Minneapolis January 1996 – October 1999
Kansas City August 1995 – July 1999
Dallas March 1996 – March 2001
San Francisco July 1995 – November 2000
Trivia

Signatures:  Mary Ellen Withrow and Robert E. Rubin
Any $1 bills with serial numbers that end with "Y" have always been either Series 1988A or 1995 notes.

Series 1999

$1-A (2000) $1-F (2000) $1-I (2001)

Federal Reserve Bank Production span
Boston November 1999 – January 2001
New York October 1999 – June 2001
Philadelphia October 1999 – March 2002
Cleveland November 1999 – May 2001
Richmond January 2000 – November 2001
Atlanta January 2000 – November 2001
Chicago February 2000 – February 2001
St. Louis March 2001 – August 2001
Minneapolis February 2001
Kansas City December 1999 – May 2001
Dallas December 1999 – January 2002
San Francisco November 1999 – February 2003
Trivia

Signatures:  Mary Ellen Withrow and Lawrence H. Summers

Series 2001

$1-B (2002) $1-C (2003) $1-D (2002) $1-H (2002) $1-I (2002) $1-J (2002)

Federal Reserve Bank Production span
Boston November 2001 – December 2002
New York May 2002 – April 2003
Philadelphia February 2002 – June 2003
Cleveland August 2002 – June 2003
Richmond June 2003
Atlanta December 2001 – September 2004
Chicago February 2003 – March 2004
St. Louis July 2002 – July 2003
Minneapolis September 2002 – July 2003
Kansas City March 2002 – July 2003
Dallas February 2002 – July 2003
San Francisco January 2002 – January 2004
Trivia

Signatures:  Rosario Marin and Paul O'Neill

Series 2003

$1-A (2003) $1-B (2005) $1-L (2004)

Federal Reserve Bank Production span
Boston October 2003 – April 2005
New York October 2003 – June 2005
Philadelphia February 2004 – March 2005
Cleveland May 2004 – December 2004
Richmond July 2003 – February 2005
Atlanta July 2003 – August 2005
Chicago March 2004 – October 2005
St. Louis January 2004 – January 2005
Minneapolis August 2003 – February 2005
Kansas City August 2003 – May 2004
Dallas August 2003 – April 2005
San Francisco September 2003 – April 2005
Trivia

Signatures:  Rosario Marin and John W. Snow
Release dates: August 6, 2003 – May 3, 2005 (or in the case of Chicago, October 3, 2005)

Series 2003A

$1-B (2006) $1-G (2005) $1-H (2006) $1-J (2005) $1-L (2006)

Federal Reserve Bank Production span
Boston May 2005 – January 2006
New York May 2005 – July 2006
Philadelphia January 2006 – January 2008
Cleveland April 2006 – February 2007
Richmond June 2006 – February 2007
Atlanta June 2005 – June 2007
Chicago October 2005 – December 2006
St. Louis February 2006 – March 2006
Minneapolis March 2006
Kansas City May 2005 – February 2007
Dallas May 2005 – March 2007
San Francisco May 2005 – March 2007
Trivia

Signatures:  Anna Escobedo Cabral and John W. Snow
Release dates: June 10, 2005 – April 4, 2007 (or in the case of Atlanta, June 4, 2007)

Series 2006

$1-C (2008) $1-F (2009) $1-J (2007)

Federal Reserve Bank Production span
Boston July 2007 – October 2009
New York April 2007 – October 2009
Philadelphia April 2007 – November 2009
Cleveland March 2007 – November 2009
Richmond March 2007 – October 2009
Atlanta June 2007 – January 2010
Chicago March 2008 – August 2010
St. Louis April 2007 – December 2009
Minneapolis April 2007 – November 2009
Kansas City October 2007 – November 2009
Dallas April 2007 – January 2010
San Francisco April 2007 – November 2010
Trivia

Signatures:  Anna Escobedo Cabral and Henry M. Paulson Jr.
Release dates: April 4, 2007 – February 5, 2010 (or in the case of Chicago, September 17, 2010)

Series 2009

$1-A (2010) $1-B (2011) $1-F (2013) $1-L (2010)

Federal Reserve Bank Production span
Boston October 2010 – November 2012
New York March 2010 – July 2014
Philadelphia April 2011 – August 2014
Cleveland April 2011 – May 2013
Richmond May 2011 – September 2014
Atlanta February 2010 – October 2014
Chicago September 2010 – June 2014
St. Louis March 2010 – March 2014
Minneapolis May 2011 – September 2014
Kansas City May 2011 – February 2014
Dallas February 2010 – February 2014
San Francisco February 2010 – September 2014
Trivia

Signatures:  Rosa Gumataotao Rios and Timothy F. Geithner
Release dates: March 4, 2010 – November 10, 2014
First time $1 bills were printed using LEPE (Large Examining and Printing Equipment), in which they are in 50-subject sheets. Production began at the Western Currency Facility in October 2012, then the main facility from D.C. in December 2013.
Until September 2014, any $1 bills with serial numbers ending with "X" were always Series 1988A or 1995 notes.

Series 2013

$1-A (2015) $1-K (2017)

Federal Reserve Bank Production span
Boston July 2014 – February 2017
New York October 2014 – June 2017
Philadelphia August 2014 – October 2017
Cleveland April 2014 – September 2017
Richmond May 2014 – January 2018
Atlanta August 2014 – October 2017
Chicago July 2014 – March 2017
St. Louis August 2015 – November 2016
Minneapolis September 2015 – November 2016
Kansas City March 2014 – October 2016
Dallas November 2013 – March 2017
San Francisco November 2014 – December 2017
Trivia

Signatures:  Rosa Gumataotao Rios and Jack Lew
Release dates: May 1, 2014 – March 16, 2018
As of Series 2013, 50-subject sheets printed through the LEPE (Large Examining and Printing Equipment) takes permanent effect.

Series 2017

$1-B (2018) $1-F (2018) $1-G (2018) 1dollar back

Federal Reserve Bank Production span (as of July 1, 2019)
Boston July 2018 – October 2018
New York February 2018 – January 2019
Philadelphia N/A
Cleveland May 2018 – July 2018
Richmond January 2019
Atlanta October 2017 – February 2018
Chicago February 2018 – January 2019
St. Louis March 2018 – December 2018
Minneapolis April 2018 – May 2018
Kansas City May 2018 – December 2018
Dallas May 2018 – October 2018
San Francisco January 2018 – December 2018
Trivia

Signatures:  Jovita Carranza and Steven T. Mnuchin
Release dates: January 4, 2018 – present

Value

Series year 2016 price Inflation price Difference
1928 $12.00 $14.00 $2.00 (14%) off
1928A $10.00 $17.00 $7.00 (41%) off
1928B $12.00 $19.00 $7.00 (37%) off
1928C $60.00 $19.00 $41.00 above MSRP
1928D $40.00 $18.00 $22.00 above MSRP
1928E $150.00 $18.00 $132.00 above MSRP
1928 (USN) $50.00 $19.00 $31.00 above MSRP
1934 $12.00 $17.50 $5.50 (31%) off
1935–1935H
1957–1957B
$1.50 $8.00 or more More than 83% off
1963 or later $1.00 Up to $7.50 Up to 87% off

Japanese counterpart

100 Yen Note 100 Yen Note (Back)

From December 1, 1953 to July 31, 1974, there was a Japanese 100 yen note. On the front was a portrait of Itagaki Taisuke, and on the back was the Diet building.

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