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Movies, commonly known as films or motion pictures, are series of images run through a projector and shown on a screen in a cinema. Here's how the filmmaking process works:

  1. A studio creates ideas for the upcoming film and/or buys the rights for other people's ideas.
  2. The screenplay for that upcoming film is written.
  3. Preparations for the film are made, such as hiring cast and crew members, selecting the locations for the film, and building the sets.
  4. Raw elements of the film are recorded.
  5. The studio will then edit the recorded parts of the film, and include special effects if necessary.
  6. Sound effects and the score (music you hear) are added.
  7. When the film is finished, it will be shown in cinemas, air on television, or get released directly to home video.

Usually during steps 5-6 of the filmmaking process, the public will get to see posters and theatrical trailers advertising the film as a coming attraction. Such advertisements appear about 2-4 months before the film is released. Sometimes, a film can also have a teaser version of those things, which often appear around one year before the film's release date.

The Silent Era (1894-1929)

Before the 1930s, many films released in cinemas back then were silent films, most of them also in black and white, while all others were in Sepia Tone. Films like these would just have music playing in the background, and the characters' voices cannot be heard. However, after the character is finished speaking, his/her dialogue may appear as a title card.

Some notable silent films include Ben-Hur (1925), The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1923), and The Wizard of Oz (1925).

The Sound Era (1929-1950s)

During this era, all films were still presented in a 4:3 aspect ratio and with monaural sound, but now contained hearable dialogue from the characters, thus removing the dialogue's title cards. Within this era, Walt Disney's first feature film, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, released on December 21, 1937, became a huge success, and Disney made more films since then.

CinemaScope Era (1953-1967)

Created by 20th Century Fox, the CinemaScope format, allowed films to have an image aspect ratio of up to 2.66:1. One example is Ben-Hur (1959), which was actually made by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios.

Simultaneously, a "Golden Age" for films outside of North America began, mostly in Asian countries.

First Hollywood Era (1968-1984)

In this era, films gradually began to contain more explicit content, such as violence, sex, nudity, language, etc., and at that time, a rating system was established by the Motion Picture Association of America. Some films also began moving the credits from the beginning to the end of themselves, thus renaming them as "end credits".

Second Hollywood era (1985-2005)

During this era, newer films were released with stereophonic or Dolby Surround sound, and on few occasions, older films were re-released in theaters with remastered video and audio. When the 2000s decade began, select films were upgraded into IMAX format, then later to 3D. Until 1989, films designed for family audiences were almost always rated G by the MPAA, when by then, PG-rated movies also gained popularity for families, and due to that rise, since 2009, only one or no G rated films were released in theaters.

3D era (2005-present)

In this era, more films gradually began being released in both 2D and 3D formats. For example, Disney films were shown as "Disney Digital 3D" since 2005, starting with Chicken Little.

Release dates

Throughout the years, films were delayed or moved forward to different dates, usually because of their production time.

December 31, 2010
60 Monsters University November 2, 2012
61 Wreck-It Ralph March 22, 2013
April 4, 2011
60 Wreck-It Ralph November 2, 2012 (final)
61 Monsters University June 21, 2013 (final)
62 Despicable Me 2 July 3, 2013
63 Epic TBA back then
July 29, 2011
60 Wreck-It Ralph November 2, 2012 (final)
61 Epic May 17, 2013 (later May 24)
62 Monsters University June 21, 2013
63 Despicable Me 2 July 3, 2013
March 13, 2012
64 Frozen November 27, 2013
65 Cloudy with a Chance of Meatballs 2 December 20, 2013
66 Inside Out May 30, 2014
October 15, 2012
64 Cloudy with a Chance of Meatballs 2 September 27, 2013 (final)
65 Frozen November 27, 2013
66 The Lego Movie February 7, 2014
67 Rio 2 April 11, 2014
68 The Good Dinosaur May 30, 2014
69 Big Hero 6 November 7, 2014
70 Minions December 19, 2014
71 Inside Out June 19, 2015
72 The Peanuts Movie November 25, 2015
September 20, 2013
68 Big Hero 6 November 7, 2014
69 Monster Trucks May 29, 2015
70 Inside Out June 19, 2015
71 Minions July 10, 2015
72 Hotel Transylvania 2 September 25, 2015
73 The Peanuts Movie November 6, 2015
74 The Good Dinosaur November 25, 2015
75 Zootopia March 4, 2016
76 Finding Dory June 17, 2016
77 The Angry Birds Movie July 1, 2016
October 15, 2014
69 Inside Out June 19, 2015
70 Minions July 10, 2015
71 Hotel Transylvania 2 September 25, 2015
72 The Peanuts Movie November 6, 2015
73 The Good Dinosaur November 25, 2015
74 Monster Trucks December 25, 2015
75 The Secret Life of Pets February 12, 2016
76 Zootopia March 4, 2016
77 Finding Dory June 17, 2016
78 The Angry Birds Movie July 1, 2016
79 Ice Age: Collision Course July 15, 2016
80 The Lego Ninjago Movie September 23, 2016
81 Sing December 21, 2016
82 Storks February 10, 2017
83 Ferdinand April 7, 2017
84 The Lego Batman Movie May 26, 2017
85 Despicable Me 3 June 30, 2017
May 5, 2015
74 Zootopia March 4, 2016
75 Monster Trucks March 18, 2016
76 The Angry Birds Movie May 20, 2016
77 Finding Dory June 17, 2016
78 The Secret Life of Pets July 8, 2016
79 Ice Age: Collision Course July 15, 2016
80 Storks September 23, 2016
81 Moana November 23, 2016
82 Sing December 21, 2016
83 The Lego Batman Movie February 10, 2017
84 Ferdinand April 7, 2017
85 Toy Story 4 June 16, 2017
86 Despicable Me 3 June 30, 2017
87 The Lego Ninjago Movie September 22, 2017
88 The Grinch November 10, 2017
November 10, 2015
75 The Angry Birds Movie May 20, 2016
76 Finding Dory June 17, 2016
77 The Secret Life of Pets July 8, 2016
78 Ice Age: Collision Course July 22, 2016
79 Storks September 23, 2016
80 Moana November 23, 2016
81 Sing December 21, 2016
82 Monster Trucks January 13, 2017
83 The Lego Batman Movie February 10, 2017
84 Ferdinand April 7, 2017
85 Cars 3 June 16, 2017
86 Despicable Me 3 June 30, 2017
87 The Lego Ninjago Movie September 22, 2017
88 The Grinch November 10, 2017
89 Coco November 22, 2017
90 Sherlock Gnomes January 12, 2018
91 Gigantic March 9, 2018
92 The Lego Movie 2: The Second Part May 18, 2018
93 Toy Story 4 June 15, 2018
94 Spider-Man: Into the Spider-Verse July 20, 2018
95 Wonder Park March 22, 2019
February 28, 2016
84 Cars 3 June 16, 2017
85 Despicable Me 3 June 30, 2017
86 Ferdinand July 21, 2017
87 The Emoji Movie August 11, 2017
88 The Lego Ninjago Movie September 22, 2017
89 My Little Pony: The Movie November 3, 2017
90 The Grinch November 10, 2017
91 Coco November 22, 2017
92 Sherlock Gnomes January 12, 2018
93 Smallfoot February 9, 2018
94 Gigantic March 9, 2018
95 The Lego Movie 2: The Second Part May 18, 2018
96 Toy Story 4 June 15, 2018
97 Hotel Transylvania 3: Summer Vacation September 21, 2018
98 Spider-Man: Into the Spider-Verse December 21, 2018
99 Wonder Park March 22, 2019
100 Incredibles 2 June 21, 2019
August 9, 2016
86 The Emoji Movie July 28, 2017
87 The Lego Ninjago Movie September 22, 2017
88 My Little Pony: The Movie October 6, 2017
89 Coco November 22, 2017
90 Ferdinand December 15, 2017
91 Sherlock Gnomes January 12, 2018
92 Smallfoot February 9, 2018
93 Ralph Breaks the Internet (replacing Gigantic) March 9, 2018
94 Toy Story 4 June 15, 2018
95 Hotel Transylvania 3: Summer Vacation September 21, 2018
96 The Grinch November 9, 2018
97 Spider-Man: Into the Spider-Verse December 21, 2018
98 The Lego Movie 2: The Second Part February 8, 2019
99 Wonder Park March 22, 2019
100 Incredibles 2 June 21, 2019
August 7, 2017
91 Sherlock Gnomes March 23, 2018
92 Incredibles 2 June 15, 2018
93 Hotel Transylvania 3: Summer Vacation July 13, 2018
94 Smallfoot September 28, 2018
95 The Grinch November 9, 2018
96 Ralph Breaks the Internet November 21, 2018
97 Spider-Man: Into the Spider-Verse December 14, 2018
98 The Lego Movie 2: The Second Part February 8, 2019
99 Wonder Park March 15, 2019
100 Toy Story 4 June 21, 2019